Tamburu is an important musical instrument for Indian Classical Music. It is a long -necked, plucked string instrument, supporting and sustaining the melody of a singer or another instrument, while not playing melody on its own. It provides a continuous harmonic bourdon or drone.
Tamburu is also called as Tanpura, Tampura, Tanpuri etc. The name itself is derived from Persian word Tanbur. The timing of plucking one cycle of four strings in a continuous loop determines the resultant sound, which is played continuously and unchangingly during the complete performance. The Raga is drawn on a sonic canvas produced by the repeated cycle of plucking the strings of a Tamburu.
There are male and female Tamburu. Electronic Tamburu is also available which are very compact, producing professional and quality sound. Professional Tamburu can be as long as 56 inches in length and can cost approximately Indian Rupees 25,000 to 30,000 where as the Electronic ones are available for as low as INR 4,000.