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Viral Pneumonia

Viral Pneumonia

Viral Pneumonia is a complex disease which is caused by Influenza Virus, Rhinovirus and Adenovirus. The diagnosis can be difficult and frequently based on the exclusion of bacterial etiology. Its treatment can be ineffective due to the low number of molecules active against viruses commonly involved[1].

Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs which can be mild or serious, most often caused by bacteria or viruses. It is more common in children below 5 years of age[2]. Some of these bacteria and viruses can be spread by direct contact with a person who is already infected with them.

Who are at risk?

A child who is having a weak immune system, ongoing health problems (chronic), problems with lungs or airways is more likely to get pneumonia. Children younger that one year old are also at risk if they are around secondhand tobacco smoke especially if their mother smokes.


The symptoms shown may differ from child to child, depending upon what causes the Pneumonia. Generally the following symptoms are observed.

  • Cough that produces mucus
  • Cough Pain
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Tiredness (fatigue)
  • Fever

Early symptoms of Viral Pneumonia are the same as those of Bacterial Pneumonia. Breathing problems start slowly with Viral Pneumonia. The child may wheeze and cough may get worse.

More details of Pneumonia in children can be read here

Disclaimer: Information provided here are only for public awareness and acquired from different sources. Always consult your doctor in case of any symptoms described in this article. Never resort to any self medication.


1. Ruuskanen O, Lahti E, Jennings LC, Murdoch DR. Viral pneumonia. Lancet. 2011;377:1264–1275. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61459-6.

2. Pneumonia in Children

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Born and brought up in Kerala, I did my schooling in Kerala and graduated (B.Sc Physics) from the Calicut University. I have worked with a Swedish Company from 1994 to 2015, as a Senior Project Manager in their Group IT Division in Dubai. This blog is the result of my strong desire to communicate with others, sharing what I know and what I could gather from various sources.


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