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Art and Craft

Indian Art and Craft – Ajrak Block Printing

Indian Art and Craft – Ajrak Block Printing

Gujarati Ajrak (Ajrakh) Block Printing is one of the oldest printing techniques. Gujarat is renowned for its textile printing methods. The ancient Indus Valley civilization inhabited the entire region including Rajasthan and Punjab during the Medieval India.

Ajrak Block printing is found in Gujarat, Sindh, Rajasthan, Kutch and Pakistan. Ajraks have become the symbol of Sindhi Culture and Tradition, over the years.

Ajrak Craft

Ajrak Craft products are made with vegetable and mineral dyes in which Indigo is the key dye. Dots between two lines is the most common pattern in Ajrak blocks. Wood Block printing is used in Ajrak. Geometric shapes are etched on wooden blocks and pressed hard on the fabric.

Ajrak garment is used by men and women as an integral part of the Sindhi Culture. Men use it as Turban and women use it as Shawl or Dupatta. It is treated with utmost respect and often presented as gifts.

Picture used for illustration only – Credit: Abdul Hakeem Memon

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Born and brought up in Kerala, I did my schooling in Kerala and graduated (B.Sc Physics) from the Calicut University. I have worked with a Swedish Company from 1994 to 2015, as a Senior Project Manager in their Group IT Division in Dubai. This blog is the result of my strong desire to communicate with others, sharing what I know and what I could gather from various sources.


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