Sundarbans National Park is a National Park in West Bengal, India. It covers about 10,000 Square Kilometers of land and water, having more than half of it in India and the rest in Bangladesh. It is in the Ganges Delta and contains world’s largest area of Mangrove Forests. There are a number of rare or endangered species live in the Park including Bengal Tigers, Aquatic Mammals, Birds and Reptiles. Salt-Water Crocodiles are also found in this park.
The present Sundarbans National Park was declared as the core area of Sundarbans Tiger Reserve in 1973 and Wildlife Sanctuary in 1977. It was declared as a National Park on 4th May 1984. UNESCO inscribed it as the World Heritage Site in 1987. It is considered as a World Network of Biosphere Reserve from 1989 and has been designated as a Ramsar Site since 2019.
The Mangrove habitat supports the single largest population of Tigers in the world. These Tigers have adapted to an almost Amphibious life, being capable of swimming for long distances. They feed on fish, crab and water monitor lizards and are also renowned as man-eaters.
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